Uganda is spearheading the battle against global warming by becoming the first African country to enact guidelines that mitigate carbon emissions through the launch of its Municipal Waste Compost Program (MWCP).
The scheme will operate on the register as a Program of Activities (POA) – part of the Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM) – a scheme that runs in collaboration with Kyoto Protocol, promoting efforts to preserve land and reduce carbon emissions.
Uganda’s population has been increasing at over 3.8% per annum and with growing urban populations, the issue of waste disposal has aroused a distinct amount of contention. The programme will consequently attempt to alter what has typically been the preponderance of government agencies to use environmentally detrimental channels for municipal waste disposal such as landfill or controlled sites.
It has been recognised as the first programme of its kind in the world.
It is hoped that if the scheme is a success, other African countries may use the model adopted by Uganda to also enhance Africa’s links with international actors. The MWCP was subsequently developed through links with South Asia; commentators argue that utilising the technocratic foundations of some South Asia’s successful composting model will boost Africa’s international links while also uniting countries in the global movement towards climate change.
The scheme aims to strategically reduce methane levels by promoting the decomposition of urban waste using more environmentally friendly methods.
Advocates have stated that The MWCP will generate revenues in an eco-friendly manner through the implementation of carbon finance measures and will subsequently consist of nine different stages that will be funded through the sales of compost and carbon credits. The move has consequently been recognised as a step in the right direction towards improving Africa’s carbon footprint; it also exemplifies the clear recognition of programmatic schemes as well as project-based approaches towards climate change.